Southern Colonies:
File:Malaysia-tea plantation.jpg
File:Malaysia-tea plantation.jpg

Southern Agriculture

1. What was the main industry in the south, and why was it so successful?
The main industry is aqucoulture and it was so successful because cash crop which was tobacco, rice, and indigo. They had long growing seasons and warm,wet climate mad
File:US long grain rice.jpg
File:US long grain rice.jpg

2. How did planters become wealthy?
The planters became wealthy because they exported cash crop and got a lot of money. They also used enslaved Africans to work for them so more people work so the farm gets bigger.

3. What resource did colonists in North Carolina use? What did they use it for?
Their resource was the pine forests. They made pine sap into sticky liquid that they used to waterproof ships.

4. What were the major cash crops and where were they grown?
In Virginia and Maryland, the main cash crop was tobacco. Colonist grew tobacco on small farms as well as on large plantations.

5. Who taught the colonists about growing rice?
The enslaved Africans knew how to farm rice so they taught others.

6. What is indigo and what was the problem with indigo?external image Indian_indigo_dye_lump.jpg
Indigo is a dark blue dye. Indigo is used to color clothing. Indigo is hard to grow, farmers didn't have much success growing it at first.

7. Who was Eliza Pinckney and what did she do?
Seventeen-year-old Eliza Pinckney made a type of Indigo that was much easier to grow.

Charles Town

8. What did southern colonies have few of?
They had fewer towns and cites than New Englend or the Middle colonies.

9. What did traders and planters do in Charles Town?
In Charles Town, planters and traders bought, sold, and exported tobacco, rice, and indigo.

10. What was brought to Charles Town from Europe and the West Indies?
Ships brought goods from Europe and the West Indies to sell in the colonies.

Plantations and Small Farms

11. What were plantations like?
The big plantations in the South were more like small villages than farms.

12. Who worked on plantations?
Most plantation workers were enslaved Africans. They spent hours working in the fields.

13. What was there more of small farms or plantations?
There was more small farms than plantations.

14. Who were indentured servants and what could they not do?
Indentured servants were people who agreed to work for a number of years for a ticket to the new world. They were not allowed to travel.

15. What did indentured servants do after they were free?
They could work for pay or buy their own land.

Family Life

16. What did plantation children do? What did small farm children do?
Fathers taught boys how to run the plantations. Girls learned how to manage with a large family and with many servants. On small farms children learned how to read or write only if their parents could teach them.

Southern Slavery

17. Where did most slaves live?
Most of the enslaved Africans lived in all of the thirteen colonies, but most slaves lived in the Southern Colonies.

18. What did slaves do during they day? What was life like for them?
They worked on the field or they were house servants. They weren't treated as a human being and they were sold as properdy.

19. What is an overseer?
An overseer is a person who watches and directs the work of others.

20. What punishments and rules did planters use?
They were whipped, put in iron chains, and sometimes killed.

21. Triangular Trade
Triangular Trade was when goods such as fish and lumber were sent to Africa, Europe, and the West Indies. They traded these goods and were sent to the colonies.

African American Culture

22. What made the slaves strong?
They created a community that was like a large family and what kept them strong was religon.

23. What is a spiritual?
A spiritual is an African American religous folksong.

24. How did slaves remember their past?
They remembered their past by telling stories from their homeland in Africa.

25. What did they do to make the work day pass better?
They made up work songs.