The Cherokee Rose
  • Where did your tribe live?
The Cherokee people lived in the southern Appalachian Mountains such as Georgia, East Tennessee and the Carolinas.
  • How does climate affect the way your Native American tribe meets their needs for food,clothing,and housing?
The climate affected the Cherokee in the winter. It was hard to gather food and clothing. When it was really cold, the deer would not come out very often because they had a hard time finding food.Cherokee needed the deer for food and clothing but they were hard to find. When the weather became warmer, children did not wear clothes. They lived in one house for the winter and another for the summer. In the winter they used clay,wood and fur for their houses and in the summer months they lived in rectangular houses made of sticks and grass.
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  • How do geography/landforms affect the way your Native American tribe meets their needs for food,clothing and housing?
The Cherokee lived next to water so they could catch fish for food.They lived in the woods so they could hunt and use the animal skins for clothing. They used the trees for wood to burn and for making houses. The Cherokee lived near good soil and they were farmers. They grew corn,squash, melons,pumpkins and beans. They gathered plums,nuts, blackberries and roots.
  • How did your tribe rely on and use natural resources?
The Cherokee lived mainly off the land. They were hunters, gathers, adn farmers. All of their food came from the earth, NOT FROM SCORES. Example: Corn, Beans, Squash, Melons, Pumpkins, Beans, Blackberries, Nuts, and Plums. They made their clothes from animal skins. They made tools and weapons from things found in nature. Example: hoes, hammers, bow and arrows, and hatches. They used mud and trees to make their house.external image moundvillenativeamericanfest2005_001.jpgexternal image 320px-Blowgun.jpg

  • What types of jobs did Early Native American tribes have to help them meet their needs?

If you were a Cherokee girl you would grow corn for the village. You would also grow a garden for your family with your mom. She would also pick mushrooms,berries and nuts that were safe to eat. The men and boys would build the summer and winter houses. They would cut down trees for wood so they could build their houses.

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Corn Field

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  • Did your tribe have a money system or a barter system? Describe it.

The Cherokee did not use money, they used the barter system. They traded shells,feathers and handmade crafts. To barter means to trade goods or services without the exchange of money.

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A Cree war chief Little Carpenter, Peace Chief of the Cherokee
  • What types of government did your tribe have? How did they handle conflict?
Cherokee towns had two leaders. One leader served in times of war and one in times of peace. The town council elected both leaders. The war chief was a male and the peace chief could be a woman. Women were known as "Beloved Women" and helped the council decide when the town should go to war. The women would also join the men in battle to help them make decisions. Today the Cherokee elect their leaders by popular vote like senators and governors. They have their own court system,tax laws and education programs. They are the largest Indian group in the United States.
  • What makes this tribe unique,different from other tribes?
The government forced the Cherokee to walk all the way to Oklahoma. The Cherokee used blow guns for hunting. For some fun the Cherokee played a game called stick ball. They had two different kinds of houses, one for winter and one for summer. A circle enclosing two perpendicular lines became a symbol of this world and the four directions.

Each family had a home for the winter and for the summer. The two different homes were in to different villages.

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The villages that the Cherokees lived in normally had 400 to 500 people. Normally there was around 30 to 60 homes, a plaza, a town square, and a councel house. The council house was large enough to hold all the villagers during a vallage meeting. There was a wall of tall poles tied together that surrounded each village. There would be another village used for the winter just like this village.

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The Winter homes where round. They were made of wood and covered with mud to help protect against the cold. There was a fire burning in the middle of house. There was a hole in the middle of the roof to let the smoke out.

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The Summer homes where rectangle. The Summer homes were also bigger than the Winter homes. The roofs looked like cones and were made of tree bark and cover with long grass. The homes were made of long sticks. They were a lot cooler and let the light in.Food: They were farmers, hunters and gatherers. They types of foods they eat were crops they grew (corn, squash, beans, pumpkins, melons, sunflowers, tobacco, and a few other crops). The most important crop was corn.They also were good hunters and fishermen. The men were the only ones that hunted. The animal mostly hunted was deer. They used every part of the deer. They used blowguns, bows and arrows. They also used traps and nets to catch fish.Clothes: They made their clothes from deerskins.external image cherokee.jpg