• Where did your tribe live?

They lived from Alaska to Northern California. Their region is bordered by mountains and oceans.


Chinook Plankhouse
Chinook Plankhouse
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  • How does climate affect the way your tribe meets their needs for food, clothing and housing?

Their climate is rainy and mild because of the ocean winds so they built their houses with strong roofs on it so it blocks the rain. They mainly eat animals including fish, bears, rabbits, and deer from nearby land and waters. Tlingit people wore animal skins for clothes and the Chinook people wore fur capes in cold weather. Women wove rain hats and wore skirts made from cattails or cedar bark since it rained a lot. Chinook men did not need many clothes, though.

  • How do geography/landforms affect the way your tribe meets their needs for food, clothing and housing?

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Chinook/Tlingit people lived near rivers and oceans so they could fish and because of the mountains close by, they hunted down bears and other animals so they could have things to wear in the cold winters. If they didn't, they wouldn't have rugs, fur coats, or things to keep them warm. Their houses are made of boards cut from cedar trees which they could find easily because of the proximity to the forests.

  • How did your tribe rely on and use natural resources?

They cut down cedar trees to build their houses. They also used trees' wood to make fire places and spears to fish. They carved spoons out of horns of mountain sheep . Women wove their own bags which is made of cattails and a plant called bear grass. external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRH0b6RO_HeH1mbKWtX_4mIb63xjZKj2e4-thvZFEiRYC73vok&t=1&usg=__LWBaG4itpvTW0o9SuxgVR-9fKmc=Spear
  • What types of jobs did Early Native American tribes have to help them meet their needs?
There were good crafts people and made their own clothes. They had fishing jobs and were wood cutters and hunters, too. These jobs helped them meet their needs.

  • Did your tribe have a money system or a barter system? Describe it.
Our tribe traded regularly with other tribes. The Tlingit tribe's blankets were very beautiful and desired by many other tribes so they used to exchange it for canoes. Chinook people traded dried salmon, shellfish, fur, etc. for crops like corn because Chinook people did not grow crops.


  • What type of government did your tribe have? How did they handle conflicts?
In the past, each Chinook/Tlingit village was led by its own local chief or headman, who was always a high-ranking clan leader. The elders of the town met and decided on important decisions and conflicts.
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  • What makes this tribe unique, different from other tribes?
These two tribes are known for carved, wooden totem poles representing family crests. These tribes lived in large, communal houses made of cedar wood. Chinook tribe was easily identified by their flat forehead. The Chinook considered a flat forehead a beauty feature, so they would tie a small board to the head of the babies to flatten the forehead.



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Totem Pole